Movement disorders influence the person’s speed and quality of their movement. Ultimately, these are neurological conditions that interfere with the person’s ability to move properly and easily. Dyskinesia, the irregular fluency or speed of movement, may also include involuntary or too frequent movements (hyperkinesia) or sluggish or delayed voluntary movements (hypokinesia).
The central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord. It receives information from the peripheral nervous system, processes it, and sends it back. We all know that the brain plays a major role in most of our body’s functions such as movement, speech, analysis, sensations, and many more. The spinal cord sends messages from the sensory receptors to the brain, the brain will then process the message and relay the proper response back to the spinal cord which will then coordinate reflexes to make specific actions.
We smile when we see or hear something nice, raise our hands when we are trying to reach something above, walk towards the opposite side of the road when the traffic light turns red — the list could go on and on when in the subject of the things we could do with the help of our Central Nervous System.
However, there are instances when damage or malfunctions in the central nervous system which results in movement disorders.